As with many other semi-precious stones, Amber is the result of nature's power - millions of years of constant change and a process that we can refer to as amber chemistry.

Amber is the result of tree resin and residual life forms such as plants, insects and small tree pieces that were buried underground or underwater for over 50 million years.

Some amber stones also contain inclusions; these are extremely rare and usually found only in museums and private collections. It is interesting how inclusions can stay unaffected throughout millions of years without decay distortions pf the fossilized animal. How this is still possible remains a mystery, and most people believe it has something to do with amber chemistry. Some believe that this process involves compounds called “terpenes”, a substance that is supposed to dehydrate the inclusions, and stop the process of natural decay. Of course, it is obviously due to the fact that tree resin is not the same as tree sap, mainly because not all trees can exude resin. Amber is nothing but a fossilized resin of coniferous trees and some angiospermous trees that lived millions of years ago on Earth.

Amber chemistry is a fascinating process that creates what people believe to be one of the most intriguing and mysterious semi-precious stones found in the entire world. And most of the world's amber resource is found along the Baltic coast. Baltic amber is thought to be one of the most famous and finest in the world.

It is worth mentioning that Baltic amber contains succinic acid, an acid traced to a certain species of tree which is not widespread around the globe. Amber is basically a form of hydrocarbon and has the same chemical origin as the tree itself. This chemical bonding between the tree and the stone significantly changes over time in accordance with climate changes, temperature influences, pressure and other factors. Under certain analyses, amber chemistry does not follow the traditional, general rules of chemical interactions and modifications. For example, advanced analyses show that even within the same fragment, there are different variations in the chemical concentration due to a variety of hydrocarbon components. This is why numerous chemical formulas are attributed to amber, such as C10H16O - 13C40H64O14 - 12C12H20O.

These wide variations are the result of amber itself. The main reason is simply because amber is not itself a true mineral in its solid form, but more of a plastic organic stone with a variety of mixtures, therefore precise qualifications cannot be made with any exactitude.

To conclude, amber chemistry is extremely complex and difficult to classify exactly - another reason why amber is such an intriguing and mysterious stone.

 

Comments

12-10-2016, 19:09

"Hello: We want to purchase bulk raw amber in small pieces for heat pressing parts for eyeglasses. Can you supply this material? If so, please send material specification and price quotation per kilogram. Shipping is to Spain. Thank you.
Regards,
Frank Rizzuto
rizzuto2012@hotmail.com"

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